Over 10,000 species of ants exist in the world today and they all posess similar traits. All ants have three sections which are the head, thorax, and abdomen.
Their heads contain a large brain, also on the head are the eyes, antennae, and the mandibles (The can differ between ant species). The antennaes are are used for smelling, tasting, touching, and detecting movements.
The midsection, which is the thorax, contains small holes that allows breathe. There is another opening in the thorax which produces a chemical that kills germs. Connected to the Thorax there are six legs and small claws that allow ants to carry up to 20 times there own weight.
The Final body section is the abdomen. The abdomen produces chemicals which is used to communicate by leaving trails. Each ant leaves a unique chemical. The chemical tells other ants where food is, it lets ants know that there are enemies around, it tells ants where the nest is, and many other things. Ants have been around for millions of years, since the time of the dinosaurs. Scientist feel that a long time ago ants began to produce babies in large amounts. The babies would grow up and live near by; soon the babies and their families’ wold come and live with the parents forming colonies.
A colony is an organized community. All ants in a colony live and work to care for the one queens offspring. The colonies inhabitants are divided into different jobs. There are workers who find food, nurses, the female ants, who care for the young and the food, and there is the queen, who is the mother of the entire colony. Once a year the male ants fly away and the female aunts, that have wings, fly away and they mate and go off and star there own colonies.