It’s the oldest and the only surviving of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is the Great Pyramid of Giza. It doesn’t need any speculations in reference to the appearance, size, or shape. It is located in the city of Giza, a necropolis of ancient Memphis, and today it is part of Cairo, Egypt.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is believed to have been built over a 20 year period. First, the site was prepared, then large blocks of stone were transported and placed. An outer casing was used to smooth the surface. This outer casing disappeared over the years. It is still not known how the blocks were placed, but there are many theories. One theory is that the construction of a straight or spiral ramp that was raised as construction proceeded. The ramp, coated with mud and water, eased the displacement of blocks. The blocks were pushed or pulled into place. Another theory says that blocks may have been placed using long levers with a short angled foot.
All through history, the pyramids of Giza have motivated the human imagination. Pyramids were referred to as “The Granaries of Joseph” and “The Mountains of Pharaoh.” Today, the Great Pyramid is enclosed, along with other pyramids and the Sphinx, in this region of the Giza Plateau.
When the Great Pyramid was built it was 481 ft (145.75 m) high, over the years it has lost about 30 ft (10 m) off the top. It was the tallest structure on Earth for over 43 centuries, it was surpassed in the 19th Century A.D. It was covered with a casing of stones to smooth the surface. Some of the casing can still be seen near the top of Khefre’s pyramid. The sloping angle of the sides is 54 degrees, 54 minutes, 0 seconds. Each side is carefully oriented with one of the cardinal points on the compass (N, E, S, W). The horizontal cross section is square at any level, each side is 751 ft (229 m) in length. The maximum error between side lengths is amazingly less than 0.1%.
This structure consists of about 2 million blocks of stone, each one of the stones weighs more than two tons. It’s been said that there are enough blocks in the three pyramids to build a 10 ft (3 m) high, 1 ft (0.3 m) thick wall around France. The area capped by the Great Pyramid could hold St. Peter’s in Rome, the cathedrals of Florence, Milan, Westminster and St. Paul’s in London combined.
The entrance to the pyramid is on the north face. There are a lot of corridors, galleries, and escape shafts that either lead to the King’s burial chamber, or were meant to serve other purposes. At the heart of the pyramid is where the King’s chamber is located. Every single one of the interior stones fit so well, a card won’t even fit between them. The sarcophagus is also oriented to the compass directions, and is only 1 cm smaller in dimensions than the chamber entrance. It may have been introduced as the structure progressed.
There are new theories concerning the origin and purpose of the Pyramids of Giza. The many different theories have to do with astronomic observatories, places of cult worship, geometric structures constructed by a long gone civilization, and extraterrestrial related theories. There is little evidence that supports the extraterrestrial theories.
According to most people the pyramids were built by great armies of slaves, by ancient pharaohs of Egypt to preserve their bodies. They were meant to be monuments to the pharaoh’s greatness, filled with treasures for the afterlife. In order to construct such a massive structure, the pharaohs copied the Great Pyramid. The Great Pyramid doesn’t contain a pharaohs body, treasure chamber, and no treasures itself. So who built this wonderful structure?
The Great Pyramid is thirty times larger than the Empire State Building, the features are so large they can be seen from the moon. The base covers 13.6 acres, which is equal to seven midtown Manhattan city blocks. Each side of the pyramid is greater than five acres in area. A highway lane that is eight feet wide and four inches thick could be built from San Francisco to New York and put inside the Great Pyramid.
Only a solid stone mountain could hold the Pyramid’s massive weight, and there just happens to be a flat solid granite mountain just beneath the surface of the ground directly under the pyramid. The pyramid is located at the exact center of the Earth’s land mass. That means that its East-West axis corresponds to the longest land parallel across the Earth, passing through Africa, Asia, and America. Likewise, the longest land meridian on Earth, through Asia, Africa, Europe, and Antarctica, also passes through the pyramid. Seeing how there is enough space on Earth to have 3 billion pyramids the odds of it’s being built where it is are 1 in 3 billion.
Like our bridge designs, the Pyramid’s cornerstones have balls and sockets built into them. Being several football fields long, the pyramid is prone to expansion and contract movements from the heat and cold, as well as earthquakes, settling, and other such events. After 4,600 years it’s structure would have been somewhat damaged without such construction.
The 144,000 casing stones, were so radiant that they could be seen from the mountains of Israel, hundreds of miles away. On sunny mornings and late afternoons, sunlight reflected by this immense mirrored surface of 5 ¼ acres noted the pyramid as being visible from the moon. In Bible prophecy 144,000 is the number of people, (12,000 from each of the 12 tribes of Israel) who are supposed to evangelize the world at the end time.
Incredibly, the outside surface stones are cut within 0.01 inch of flawlessly straight and at almost perfect right angles for all six sides. They were placed together with an intended gap between them of 0.02 inch. Modern technology cannot place such 20 ton stones with better accuracy than those in the pyramid.
The 0.02 inch gap was planned to allow space for the glue to seal and hold the stones together. A white cement that connected the casing stones and made them watertight is still undamaged and more powerful than the blocks that it joins.
Scientists over the centuries have taken many measurements in their pursuit to find out more about the pyramid’s mysteries. Among the intrigued was the great scientist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton. He was trying to draw up his famous law of gravity, he needed to know the diameter of the Earth. In the 1600’s no measurement was precise enough, especially since Newton theorized that the Earth’s spin would result in an equatorial bulge. Having heard legends saying that knowledge of the Earth (past and future) were in the pyramid, Newton set out to research.
After he examined the detailed measurements made by the investigators before him, Newton identified that numerous key measurements would be in round numbers if the standard unit of measure was just 0.001 inch larger than the British inch, which is the Sacred Jewish Inch. The Sacred Jewish Inch, 1/25 of a cubit, equals 1.00106 British inches. This finding allowed the secrets of the pyramid to be unlocked and exposed unmistakable and mathematical relationships.
“For instance, we know from geometry that there is a universal relationship between the diameter of a circle and its circumference. Consider this: The height of the Pyramid’s apex is 5,812.98 inches, and each side is 9,131 inches from corner to corner (in a straight line). If the circumference of the Pyramid is divided by twice its height (the diameter of a circle is twice the radius), the result is 3.14159, which just happens to be pi. Incredibly, this calculation is accurate to six digits. So the pyramid is a square circle, and thus pi was designed into it 4,600 years ago. Pi is demonstrated many times throughout the Pyramid.”
More numbers are also repeated all over. Each of the pyramid’s four walls, when measured as a straight line, are 9,131 inches, for an amount of 36,524 inches. At first glance, this number might not look important, but move the decimal point over and you end up with 365.24. Modern science has proven that the precise length of the solar year is 365.24 days.
All of the evidence in the Great Pyramid proves that 4,600 years ago somebody knew a lot about the Earth. Here is where it gets better.
“The average height of land above sea level (Miami being low and the Himalayas being high), as can be measured only by modern day satellites and computers, happens to be 5,449 inches. That is the exact height of the Great Pyramid.”
Each of the four sides of the pyramid are very slightly and evenly bowed in, or concave. This effect, which cannot be spotted by looking at the pyramid from the ground, was learned around 1940 by a pilot taking aerial photos to check certain measurements. As measured by today’s laser instruments, everyone of these perfectly cut and intentionally bowed stone blocks copy accurately the curvature of the Earth. The radius of this bow is the same as the radius of the Earth. This radius of curvature is what Newton had long been searching for.
All the scientific and historic evidence still supports the conclusion that Ancient Egyptians built these massive structures as tombs for their magnificent kings. Tombs where Khufu, Khefre, and Menkaure could start their mystic journey to the afterlife.
Whoever built the Great Pyramid had access to some information outside of that which earthlings had at the time, at least earthlings as we know them. Now, one can dispute that we may have been visited by scientifically advanced beings from outer space who educated us with their technology. That is possible with the evidence that was given. If so, these advanced beings had the primary goal of leaving behind a message that would last for ages.
Suppose they did leave a message, it would have to be understandable by many languages that would not come into existence for centuries after the message was made. So far the message suggests that whoever built the pyramid knew the Earth well. They had to know the length of the year, the radius of curvature, the standard measurement techniques, the average height of the continents, and the center of the land mass. They were capable of constructing something that we still cannot construct today, and they were able to tie all these things together in this single structure. Were they extraterrestrial, or perhaps even supernatural? Or were they just Ancient Egyptians? The answer is not yet clear. However, we have only examined the outside of the pyramid.
1. Ashmawy, Alaa K. The Seven Wonders: The Great Pyramid of Giza. Internet Explorer 4.0. http://pharos.bu.edu/Egypt/Wonders/pyramid.html.
2. Zajac, John. Inside the Great Pyramid of Giza. Internet Explorer 4.0. http://www.europa.com/edge/giza.html
3. Zajac, John. Who Built the Great Pyramid?. Internet Explorer 4.0. http://www.europa.com/edge/pyramid.html